The development of any state depends upon the quality of education, it provides to its citizens. The various spheres of education and technology rotate the wheels of development vehicle, so much more emphasis is attributed towards education system. With the advancement in Technology, traditional methods of teaching are being replaced by modern methods by using technology and innovative skills in teaching- learning process. One time was when teacher used to teach by using books, blackboard and some basic teaching aids which were available to him. There were some educational institutions in the country in private sector where the children of capitalist class, politicians and bureaucrats used to get entry for admission. Now the education sector has developed tremendously in private sector. These institutions lure the general public by providing high class infrastructure and facilities. The people prefer to get their wards admitted in these private institutions, after paying a hefty admission fee. A good number of these institutions really provide quality education besides providing students opportunities to explore their talent in co-curricular; extra-curricular activities, games and sports. The average middle class and poor parents cannot afford admission fee and monthly fee of these institutions which run like commercial establishments.
There was a time when there were not even average facilities in government run schools with regard to infrastructure and one teacher used to teach five classes in a primary school. But with the implementation of schemes like SSA/RMSA, adequate funds are being provided to schools for the development of infrastructure and sufficient teaching staff is made available to the schools. Under these schemes a drastic change is seen in our Govt. run, Primary, Middle, High and Higher Secondary Schools.
The government is trying its best to provide a number of facilities to students who are enrolled in such schools. Under MDM scheme students are provided midday meals, free books and uniforms up to eighth standard. To make teaching-learning process effective TLM and other material is provided to the schools.
Every year during winter break thousands of teachers are being trained in various subjects. The hard spots faced by practicing teachers are discussed in these training programmers and the teachers are also trained in latest pedagogic techniques used in teaching learning process. These training programs have raised the standard of education in our schools and we see considerably a positive change in last couple of years. Most of our teachers are well- versed in their subjects but there is always scope for improvement. In fact there are adequate facilities in our schools which are located in cities and urban areas but in rural areas particularly in far flung backward areas the schools even lack basic facilities Also there is non- availability of sufficient staff in these schools. Some of these schools have still three teachers to teach five to eight classes.
With the fast growing development of private sector in education in our state, a trend has been observed in our society, that all people irrespective of their position choose to get their wards admitted in private schools. The people prefer to curtail their budget in their daily essentials to save money to pay fee of their children in these private institutions. This has caused a decline in roll of Govt. schools. The pupil – teacher ratio has considerably reduced to nil in some of the schools located in cities and towns in our state. To bring Govt. schools at par with private schools the Govt. needs to take a number of steps. It has to provide all the facilities which exist in private schools. It has to enhance the strength of teachers where there is shortage of teaching staff. It has to provide subject specialized teachers particularly in the subjects like English, Mathematics and Science even at primary level.
The Govt. has taken a number of corrective measures and revolutionary steps to bring the education system on track in the present regime Moreover, DSEK is using his innovative skills and taking some historic steps to improve the quality of education in our schools. Due to rationalization, sufficient teachers were adjusted in schools where there was paucity of staff. The principals of higher secondary schools were assigned the job of cluster heads for monitoring the teaching learning process in the schools under their jurisdiction. Due to this essential step; there seems a good change with regard to accountability in heads of the institutions and the teachers in the schools in our state.
Taking into consideration the training component, it is very essential rather necessary to update the knowledge of faculty and to train them with latest methods is the need of hour. There are two states of institute (SIE’S) and one DIET in each district of the state which have the responsibility to equip the human resource of the department, with latest trainings and techniques. The DIET’S provide training at district level besides running full time DEED courses for in service teachers, with qualification 10+2. These training institutes need to be equipped with teaching faculty of high repute; the general perception is that the faculties in these training institutes are not posted on merit basis. These training institutes need to be made more accountable to provide expertise to the faculty in institutions falling under their jurisdiction by regularly monitoring these institutes. At SIE’s / DIET’s the course of B.ED / M.ED should also be run to make best utilization of man-power available in these institutions. It will also help the department to train much more teachers to get professional qualification. Also meritorious students in open market should be encouraged to get integrated degree of B.A / B.SC, B.ED from SIE’S / DIET’S as this type of scheme is prevalent in NCERT /RIE’S of the country. This will help to produce a talented human resource for the school education department which will definitely bring a change in the quality of education in our schools.
Author is Lecturer of Mathematics at DIET Sopore. Contact at firstname.lastname@example.org